Oriented to God in a Disoriented World / Orientado Hacia Dios en Este Mundo Desorientado

Our society is constantly pushing for each individual to define happiness, love, and success for themselves, often without regard for the effect on their neighbor. What we find at the extreme of this thinking is a society based on tolerating our differences with one another, without ever finding our common ground. We have lost a shared set of values which defines the common good. We have lost the very Catholic way of thinking which embraces “both-and”. We can work together for the common good and value the basic dignity of every individual as created by God. 

Today’s reading can help us reorient ourselves by embracing something above and beyond ourselves, something immutable and all powerful. Something which isn’t swayed by time and passing fashion. 

God’s law is written deeply inside each and every one of us. God’s law gives us a shared definition of happiness, love, success, all while still caring for the dignity of each person. When we live in accordance with His law of love, we are paying God an oblation of the highest sort. We are offering our will as secondary to His divine will. 

When we do this, when we offer the difficult in the moment for the good in the eternal, we are giving such a little bit of ourselves. What God promises us is so much more! 

“Amen, I say to you, there is no one who has given up house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands for my sake and for the sake of the Gospel who will not receive a hundred times more now in this present age: houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions, and eternal life in the age to come.” We don’t live for this world, we live for the next. 

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Nuestra sociedad presiona constantemente para que cada individuo defina la felicidad, el amor y el éxito por sí mismo, a menudo sin tener en cuenta el efecto en su prójimo. Lo que encontramos en el extremo de este pensamiento es una sociedad basada en tolerar nuestras diferencias entre nosotros, sin encontrar nunca nuestro terreno común. Hemos perdido un conjunto compartido de valores que define el bien común. Hemos perdido la forma muy católica de pensar que abraza el “ambos-y”. Podemos trabajar juntos por el bien común y valorar la dignidad básica de cada individuo como creado por Dios.

La lectura de hoy puede ayudarnos a reorientarnos al aceptar algo que está por encima y más allá de nosotros mismos, algo inmutable y todopoderoso. Algo que no se deja influir por el tiempo y las modas pasajeras.

La ley de Dios está escrita profundamente dentro de todos y cada uno de nosotros. La ley de Dios nos da una definición compartida de felicidad, amor, éxito, todo sin dejar de cuidar la dignidad de cada persona. Cuando vivimos de acuerdo con Su ley de amor, le estamos dando a Dios una oblación del más alto nivel. Estamos ofreciendo nuestra voluntad como secundaria a Su voluntad divina.

Cuando hacemos esto, cuando ofrecemos lo difícil en el momento por el bien en lo eterno, estamos dando un poco de nosotros mismos. ¡Lo que Dios nos promete es mucho más!

“Yo les aseguro: Nadie que haya dejado casa, o hermanos o hermanas, o padre o madre, o hijos o tierras, por mí y por el Evangelio, dejará de recibir, en esta vida, el ciento por uno en casas, hermanos y hermanas, madres e hijos y tierras, junto con persecuciones, y en el otro mundo, la vida eterna.” No vivimos para este mundo, vivimos para la vida eterna.

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Sheryl is happy to be the number 1 cheerleader and supporter for her husband, Tom who is a candidate for the Permanent Diaconate in the Diocese of Kalamazoo. They are so grateful for the opportunity to grow together in this process. Sheryl’s day job is serving her community as the principal for St. Therese Catholic School in Wayland, Michigan. Since every time she thinks she gets life all figured out, she realizes just how far she has to go, St. Rita of Cascia is her go-to Saint for intercession and help. Home includes Carlyn, a very, very goofy Golden Retriever and Lucy, our not-so-little rescue puppy. 

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Tuesday of the Eighth Week in Ordinary Time

Reading 1 Sir 35:1-12

To keep the law is a great oblation,
and he who observes the
commandments sacrifices a peace offering.
In works of charity one offers fine flour,
and when he gives alms he presents his sacrifice of praise.
To refrain from evil pleases the LORD,
and to avoid injustice is an atonement.
Appear not before the LORD empty-handed,
for all that you offer is in fulfillment of the precepts.
The just one’s offering enriches the altar
and rises as a sweet odor before the Most High.
The just one’s sacrifice is most pleasing,
nor will it ever be forgotten.
In a generous spirit pay homage to the LORD,
be not sparing of freewill gifts.
With each contribution show a cheerful countenance,
and pay your tithes in a spirit of joy.
Give to the Most High as he has given to you,
generously, according to your means.

For the LORD is one who always repays,
and he will give back to you sevenfold.
But offer no bribes, these he does not accept!
Trust not in sacrifice of the fruits of extortion.
For he is a God of justice,
who knows no favorites.

Responsorial Psalm Ps 50:5-6, 7-8, 14 and 23

R. (23b) To the upright I will show the saving power of God.
“Gather my faithful ones before me,
those who have made a covenant with me by sacrifice.”
And the heavens proclaim his justice;
for God himself is the judge.
R. To the upright I will show the saving power of God.
“Hear, my people, and I will speak;
Israel, I will testify against you;
God, your God, am I.
Not for your sacrifices do I rebuke you,
for your burnt offerings are before me always.”
R. To the upright I will show the saving power of God.
“Offer to God praise as your sacrifice
and fulfill your vows to the Most High.
He that offers praise as a sacrifice glorifies me;
and to him that goes the right way I will show the salvation of God.”
R. To the upright I will show the saving power of God.

Alleluia see mt 11:25

R. Alleluia, alleluia.
Blessed are you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth;
you have revealed to little ones the mysteries of the Kingdom.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel Mk 10:28-31

Peter began to say to Jesus,
‘We have given up everything and followed you.”
Jesus said, “Amen, I say to you,
there is no one who has given up house or brothers or sisters
or mother or father or children or lands
for my sake and for the sake of the Gospel
who will not receive a hundred times more now in this present age:
houses and brothers and sisters
and mothers and children and lands,
with persecutions, and eternal life in the age to come.
But many that are first will be last, and the last will be first.”

– – –

Lectionary for Mass for Use in the Dioceses of the United States, second typical edition, Copyright © 2001, 1998, 1997, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine; Psalm refrain © 1968, 1981, 1997, International Committee on English in the Liturgy, Inc. All rights reserved. Neither this work nor any part of it may be reproduced, distributed, performed or displayed in any medium, including electronic or digital, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

His Friends / Sus Amigos

Godspell, the musical from 1973, is an assault to one’s eyes with its rainbow-haired Jesus and 70’s nonconformist vibe. It marries two different ways of looking at the world: the love anyone, anytime, anywhere hippie milieu with the story of our eternal salvation through Christ’s sacrifice. It feels uncomfortable, like strange bedfellows, a relationship that shouldn’t work. Yet, it does, primarily because it mines its material directly from the Gospel of Matthew. Even though the hippie culture has gone away and our eyes can rest, the Gospel story never gets old or dated. 

I was introduced to this play when my high school performed it and it had a profound effect on me for one reason (not the earworm songs the cast breaks into unexpectedly). It was the first time I’d considered that the apostles were people. 

Catholic education in the 70’s and 80’s lacked a lot, including introducing children to the person of Jesus. What I was startled to realize while watching the second to last scene where Jesus dies, was that the apostles were people and their friend died. The idea that a friend can die was unknown to me at the time. 

As I watched kids I was friends with play out the scene, I started to get it. Their friend died. Died. They didn’t know what we know, that in three days he’d be back. Death is final and the man they’d spent three years with was gone. 

It wasn’t until many years later that I began to know Jesus as a person and a friend. Then his crucifixion became more than the death of their friend but of mine also. When I read today’s Gospel and picture Mary and John at the foot of the cross it becomes more real and somehow more important to imagine myself there with them because even though he died over 2000 years ago, it wasn’t just for them. It wasn’t just because of the sins of the people then. It was for me and because of my sin.

Imagining ourselves there is important because it helps us keep this event from becoming routine. When it’s just another story about a good guy a long time ago, we lose the significance. Every year we must take the time and emotional effort to put ourselves there and remember he died for us and give him thanks and glory. We are not in a musical, we are in life and this is important. 

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Godspell, el musical de 1973, es un asalto a los ojos con su Jesús de cabello arcoíris y la vibra inconformista de los años 70. Une dos formas diferentes de ver el mundo: el amor a cualquier persona, en cualquier momento y en cualquier lugar del medio hippie con la historia de nuestra salvación eterna a través del sacrificio de Cristo. Se siente incómodo, como extraños compañeros de cama, una relación que no debería funcionar. Sin embargo, lo hace, principalmente porque extrae su material directamente del Evangelio de Mateo. Aunque la cultura hippie se ha ido y nuestros ojos pueden descansar, la historia del Evangelio nunca pasa de moda ni se hace anticuada.

Conocí esta obra cuando mi escuela secundaria la interpretó y me afectó profundamente por una sola razón (no las canciones que los actores cantan en los momentos más inesperados); era la primera vez que consideraba que los apóstoles eran personas.

A la educación católica de los años 70 y 80 le faltaba mucho, incluso acercar a los niños a la persona de Jesús. Lo que me sorprendió al ver la penúltima escena donde Jesús muere, fue que los apóstoles eran personas y su amigo murió. La idea de que un amigo puede morir me era desconocida en ese momento.

Mientras observaba a mis amigos representar la escena, comencé a entenderlo. Su amigo se murió. Se murió. No sabían lo que nosotros sabemos, que en tres días estaría vivo de nuevo. La muerte es definitiva y el hombre con el que habían pasado tres años se había ido.

Muchos años después recién comencé a conocer a Jesús como persona y como Amigo. Entonces su crucifixión se convirtió en más que la muerte de su amigo, sino también en el mío. Cuando leo el Evangelio de hoy y me imagino a María y Juan al pie de la cruz, se vuelve más real y, de alguna manera, más importante imaginarme allí con ellos porque, aunque él murió hace más de 2000 años, no fue solo por ellos. No fue solo por los pecados de la gente de aquel tiempo. Fue por mí y por mi pecado.

Imaginarnos en la escena es importante porque nos ayuda a que este evento no se vuelva rutinario. Cuando es solo otra historia sobre un buen tipo hace mucho tiempo, perdemos el significado. Cada año debemos tomarnos el tiempo y el esfuerzo emocional para ponernos en la escena y recordar que se murió por nosotros y darle las gracias y la gloria. No somos actores en un musical, estamos viviendo la vida real y esto es importante.

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Merridith Frediani loves words and is delighted by good sentences. She also loves Lake Michigan, dahlias, the first sip of hot coffee in the morning, millennials, and playing Sheepshead with her husband and three kids. She writes for Catholic Mom, Diocesan.com, and her local Catholic Herald. Her first book Draw Close to Jesus: A Woman’s Guide to Adoration is available at Our Sunday Visitor and Amazon. You can learn more at merridithfrediani.com.

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St. Maximinus

St. Maximinus

Feast date: May 29

St. Maximinus was the Bishop of Trier, and was born at Silly near Poitiers. He died there either on May 29, 352 or Sept. 12, 349. He was educated and ordained a priest by St. Agritius, whom he succeeded as Bishop of Trier in 332 or 335. At that time Trier was the government seat of the Western Emperor and, by force of his office, Maximinus stood in close relation with the Emperors Constantine II and Constans.

He was a strenuous defender of the orthodox faith against Arianism and an intimate friend of St. Athanasius, whom he harboured as an honoured guest during his exile of two years and four months (336-8) at Trier. He likewise received with honours the banished patriarch Paul of Constantinople in 341 and effected his recall to Constantinople. When four Arian bishops came from Antioch to Trier in 342 with the purpose of winning Emperor Constans to their side, Maximinus refused to receive them and induced the emperor to reject their proposals. In conjunction with Pope Julius I and Bishop Hosius of Cordova, he persuaded the Emperor Constans to convene the Synod of Sardica in 343 and probably took part in it. That the Arians considered him as one of their chief opponents is evident from the fact that they condemned him by name, along with Pope Julius I and Hosius of Cordova at their heretical synod of Philippopolis in 343 (Mans, “Sacrorum Conc. nova et ampl. Coll.”, III, 136 sq.).

In 345 he took part in the Synod of Milan and is said to have presided over a synod held at Cologne in 346, where Bishop Euphratas of Cologne was deposed on account of his leanings toward Arianism. [Concerning the authenticity of the Acts of this synod see the new French translation of Hefele’s “Conciliengeschichte”, I, ii (Paris, 1907), pp. 830-34.] He also sent Sts. Castor and Lubentius as missionaries to the valleys of the Mosel and the Lahn. It is doubtful whether the Maximinus whom the usurper Magnentius sent as legate to Constantinople in the interests of peace is identical with the Bishop of Trier (Athanasius, “Apol. ad Const. Imp.”, 9).

His cult began right after his death. His feast is celebrated on May 29, on which day his name stands in the martyrologies of St. Jerome, St. Bede, St. Ado, and others. Trier honours him as its patron. In the autumn of 353 his body was buried in the church of St. John near Trier, where in the seventh century was founded the famous Benedictine abbey of St. Maximinus, which flourished till 1802.

Blessed Rickard Thirkeld

Blessed Rickard Thirkeld

Feast date: May 29

Richard Thirkeld was ordained a priest in France in April of 1579, and returned to his homeland of York, England, soon after to serve as a home missionary. There he was arrested on the eve of the Annunciation in 1538 for the crime of being a priest.

He was imprisoned for two months before being brought to court on May 27, 1583 for hearing confessions and bringing lapsed Catholics back to the Church. He was arrested while hearing a confession in jail. The next day his trial took place, at which he managed to appear in cassock and biretta. He was sentenced to death the following day, May 29, was executed in York. He used his short time in jail to minister to the other prisoners, especially those sentenced to death.

He was executed secretly because authorities feared that his public execution would have caused a public demonstration.

He was beatified by Pope Leo XIII in 1886.

Memorial of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of the Church

Reading I Gn 3:9-15, 20

After Adam had eaten of the tree,
            the LORD God called to him and asked him, “Where are you?”
He answered, “I heard you in the garden;
            but I was afraid, because I was naked,
            so I hid myself.”
Then he asked, “Who told you that you were naked?
You have eaten, then,
            from the tree of which I had forbidden you to eat!”
The man replied, “The woman whom you put here with me—
            she gave me fruit from the tree, and so I ate it.”
The LORD God then asked the woman,
            “Why did you do such a thing?”
The woman answered, “The serpent tricked me into it, so I ate it.”

Then the LORD God said to the serpent:
            “Because you have done this, you shall be banned
                        from all the animals
                        and from all the wild creatures;
            On your belly shall you crawl,
                        and dirt shall you eat
                        all the days of your life.
            I will put enmity between you and the woman,
                        and between your offspring and hers;
            He will strike at your head,
                        while you strike at his heel.”
The man called his wife Eve,
            because she became the mother of all the living.


Acts 1:12-14

After Jesus had been taken up to heaven,
            the Apostles returned to Jerusalem
            from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem,
            a sabbath day’s journey away.

When they entered the city
            they went to the upper room where they were staying,
            Peter and John and James and Andrew,
            Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew,
            James son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot,
            and Judas son of James.
All these devoted themselves with one accord to prayer,
            together with some women,
            and Mary the mother of Jesus, and his brothers.

Responsorial Psalm 87:1-2, 3 and 5, 6-7

R. (3) Glorious things are said of you, O city of God!
His foundation upon the holy mountains
LORD loves:
The gates of Zion,
            more than any dwelling of Jacob.
R. Glorious things are said of you, O city of God!
Glorious things are said of you,
            O city of God!
And of Zion they shall say:
            “One and all were born in her;
And he who has established her
            is the Most High
R. Glorious things are said of you, O city of God!
They shall note, when the peoples are enrolled:
            “This man was born there.”
And all shall sing, in their festive dance:
            “My home is within you.”

R. Glorious things are said of you, O city of God!


R. Alleluia, alleluia.
O joyful Virgin, who gave birth to the Lord;
O blessed Mother of the Church,
who nurture in us the 
of your Son Jesus Christ!

R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel Jn 19:25-34

Standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother
            and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas,
            and Mary of Magdala.
When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple there whom he loved,
            he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son.”
Then he said to the disciple,
            “Behold, your mother.”
And from that hour the disciple took her into his home.
After this, aware that everything was now finished,
            in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled,
            Jesus said, “I thirst.”
There was a vessel filled with common wine.
So they put a sponge soaked in wine on a sprig of hyssop
            and put it up to his mouth.
When Jesus had taken the wine, he said,
            “It is finished.”
And bowing his head, he handed over the spirit.

Now since it was preparation day,
            in order that the bodies might not remain on the cross on the sabbath,
            for the sabbath day of that week was a solemn one,
            the Jews asked Pilate that their legs be broken
            and they be taken down.
So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first
            and then of the other one who was crucified with Jesus.
But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead,
            they did not break his legs,
            but one soldier thrust his lance into his side,
            and immediately Blood and water flowed out.

– – –

Lectionary for Mass for Use in the Dioceses of the United States, second typical edition, Copyright © 2001, 1998, 1997, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine; Psalm refrain © 1968, 1981, 1997, International Committee on English in the Liturgy, Inc. All rights reserved. Neither this work nor any part of it may be reproduced, distributed, performed or displayed in any medium, including electronic or digital, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

Pentecost and Captain America / Pentecostés y el Capitán América

In the movie, Captain America, Steve is a young man of strong character who wants to work for justice in the world, in spite of his evident lack of bulk and brawn. Steve has everything going for him except the physical strength to carry out his laudable ambitions. 

His situation reminds me of the apostles before Pentecost, before the promised Holy Spirit descended upon them in the upper room as He did in today’s First Reading. The apostles loved Jesus. Their intentions were golden. These earnest men had learned a great deal by being with Our Lord, and it was their desire to continue His life-saving mission. But they were too feeble. 

In the case of the earliest Church leaders, it wasn’t physical strength they needed, it was the courage, the love, and the power to do all that Jesus had commissioned them to do. Now, in the upper room, Christ keeps his last promise to his beloved friends and sends them the Holy Spirit. Similar to the way Steve was changed in mere moments through a scientific experiment into the buff and beautiful Captain America, the apostles were filled with the Holy Spirit and utterly transfigured. This historic moment wasn’t just a radical turning point in the lives the apostles, it was the birth of the Church. Furthermore, ever since that moment, every human being has had the opportunity to share in God’s Divine life through the Spirit. The power Pentecost unleashed on the world was tsunamic in the best way possible.

Again and again, the Catechism of the Catholic Church refers to the action of the Holy Spirit: He animates all creation, awakens faith, enables communication with Christ, helps man grow in spiritual freedom, is the master and source of prayer, is the principal author of Scripture and so on. The Catechism also highlights the gifts of the Holy Spirit (1831), His fruits (1832), and His charisms (2003).

It is breathtaking to think that, at the moment of our baptisms, the third Person of the Trinity comes to dwell in us and bestows supernatural gifts upon us. If we cooperate with the movement of the Spirit in our lives and in our souls, we will receive whatever we need to grow in holiness and minister to those around us. He wants to empower us. The apostles, who desired the Holy Spirit, awaited Him eagerly, and responded whole-heartedly to His inspirations, are models for us to imitate. 

The kind of decision that the character of Steve in Captain America had to make was one that faces all of us in the spiritual realm. Are we content to be spiritually puny, reticent to tap into Divine power? Or are we ready to take our good intentions and our knowledge of Christ to the next level, out of love of God and neighbor, by allowing the Holy Spirit to even more radically transform us? The world awaits our answer.

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En la película Capitán América, Steve es un joven de carácter fuerte que quiere trabajar por la justicia en el mundo, a pesar de su evidente falta de corpulencia y fuerza. Steve tiene todo a su favor menos la fuerza física para llevar a cabo sus loables ambiciones.

Su situación me recuerda a los apóstoles antes de Pentecostés, antes de que el Espíritu Santo prometido descendiera sobre ellos en el salón del segundo piso como lo hizo en la Primera Lectura de hoy. Los apóstoles amaban a Jesús. Sus intenciones eran buenas. Estos hombres fervorosos habían aprendido mucho al estar con Nuestro Señor, y era su deseo continuar Su misión de salvar vidas. Pero eran demasiado débiles.

En el caso de los primeros líderes de la Iglesia, no era fuerza física lo que necesitaban, sino el valor, el amor y el poder para hacer todo lo que Jesús les había encomendado. Ahora, en el salón del segundo piso, Cristo cumple su última promesa a sus amados amigos y les envía el Espíritu Santo. Semejante a la forma en que Steve fue transformado en meros momentos a través de un experimento científico, en el musculoso y hermoso Capitán América, los apóstoles fueron llenos del Espíritu Santo y completamente transfigurados. Este momento histórico no fue solo un punto de inflexión radical en la vida de los apóstoles, fue el nacimiento de la Iglesia. Además, desde ese momento, todo ser humano ha tenido la oportunidad de participar de la vida divina de Dios a través del Espíritu. El poder que Pentecostés desató sobre el mundo fue como un tsunami de la mejor manera posible.

Una y otra vez, el Catecismo de la Iglesia Católica se refiere a la acción del Espíritu Santo: anima a toda la creación, suscita la fe, posibilita la comunicación con Cristo, ayuda al hombre a crecer en la libertad espiritual, es el maestro y la fuente de la oración, es el autor principal de las Escrituras, etc. El Catecismo también destaca los dones del Espíritu Santo (1831), Sus frutos (1832) y Sus carismas (2003).

Es impresionante pensar que, en el momento de nuestro bautismo, la tercera Persona de la Trinidad viene a habitar en nosotros y nos otorga dones sobrenaturales. Si cooperamos con el movimiento del Espíritu en nuestra vida y en nuestra alma, recibiremos todo lo que necesitamos para crecer en santidad y ministrar a los que nos rodean. Él quiere empoderarnos. Los apóstoles, que desearon el Espíritu Santo, lo esperaron con ansias y respondieron de todo corazón a sus inspiraciones, son modelos a imitar para nosotros.

El tipo de decisión que tuvo que tomar el personaje de Steve en Capitán América fue una que nos enfrenta a todos nosotros en el ámbito espiritual. ¿Estamos contentos con ser espiritualmente insignificantes, reticentes a aprovechar el poder divino? O ¿estamos listos para llevar nuestras buenas intenciones y nuestro conocimiento de Cristo al siguiente nivel, por amor a Dios y al prójimo, permitiendo que el Espíritu Santo nos transforme aún más radicalmente? El mundo espera nuestra respuesta.

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A lover of Jesus Christ, a wife, and a mother of five, Christine is the author of Everyday Heroism: 28 Daily Reflections on the Little Way of Motherhood. She is a graduate of Franciscan University, an instructor for the Institute for Excellence in Writing, and an experienced catechist. Thrilled to have recently become grandparents, she and her husband currently live in Upstate, NY. Visit her author webpage at christinehanus.com

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St. Bernard of Menthon

St. Bernard of Menthon

Feast date: May 28

The Church remembers St. Bernard of Manthon on May 28. He was born in 923, probably in the castle Menthon near Annecy, in Savoy, and died at Novara, 1008. He was a descendant from a rich, noble family and received a thorough education. He refused to enter an honorable marriage proposed by his father, and decided to devote himself instead to the service of the Church.

Placing himself under the direction of Peter, Archdeacon of Aosta, under whose guidance he rapidly progressed, Bernard was ordained priest, and on account of his learning and virtue, was made Archdeacon of Aosta (966), having charge of the government of the diocese under the bishop. Seeing the ignorance and idolatry still prevailing among the people of the Alps, he resolved to devote himself to their conversion. For forty two years he continued to preach the Gospel to these people and carried the light of faith even into many cantons of Lombardy, effecting numerous conversions and working many miracles.

For another reason, however, Bernard’s name will forever be famous in history. Since the most ancient times there was a path across the Pennine Alps leading from the valley of Aosta to the Swiss canton of Valais, over what is now the pass of the Great St. Bernard. This pass is covered with perpetual snow from seven to eight feet deep, and drifts sometimes accumulate to the height of forty feet. Though the pass was extremely dangerous, especially in the springtime on account of avalanches, it was often used by French and German pilgrims on their way to Rome.

For the convenience and protection of travelers St. Bernard founded a monastery and hospice at the highest point of the pass, 8,000 feet above sea-level, in the year 962. A few years later he established another hospice on the Little St. Bernard, a mountain of the Graian Alps, 7,076 feet above sea-level. Both were placed in charge of Augustinian monks after pontifical approval had been obtained by him during a visit to Rome.

These hospices are renowned for the generous hospitality extended to all travelers over the Great and Little St. Bernard, so called in honor of the founder of these charitable institutions. At all seasons of the year, but especially during heavy snow-storms, the heroic monks accompanied by their well-trained dogs, go out in search of victims who may have succumbed to the severity of the weather. They offer food, clothing, and shelter to the unfortunate travelers and take care of the dead. They depend on gifts and collections for sustenance. The majority of these men live at the hospice while some have charge of neighboring parishes.

The last act of St. Bernard’s life was the reconciliation of two noblemen whose strife threatened a fatal issue. He was interred in the cloister of St. Lawrence. Venerated as a saint from the twelfth century in many places of Piedmont (Aosta, Novara, Brescia), he was canonized in 1681 by Innocent XI.

Blessed Antoni Julian Nowowiejski

Blessed Antoni Julian Nowowiejski

Feast date: May 28

Archbishop Antoni Julian Nowowiejski was was born in 1858, and beatified by Pope John Paul II on June 13, 1999, along with another 107 Poles who were martyred during World War II.

The late archbishop of Plock, Poland, was arrested by the occupying Germans in 1940. He refused the chance to escape, saying, “How can a pastor abandon their sheep?”, and he also refused to profane Christian symbols. He died after countless beatings at the Nazi’s Dzialdowo death camp in 1941 at the age of 83.

Pentecost Sunday

Reading I Acts 2:1-11

When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled,
they were all in one place together.
And suddenly there came from the sky
a noise like a strong driving wind,
and it filled the entire house in which they were.
Then there appeared to them tongues as of fire,
which parted and came to rest on each one of them.
And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit
and began to speak in different tongues,
as the Spirit enabled them to proclaim.

Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven staying in Jerusalem.
At this sound, they gathered in a large crowd,
but they were confused
because each one heard them speaking in his own language.
They were astounded, and in amazement they asked,
“Are not all these people who are speaking Galileans?
Then how does each of us hear them in his native language?
We are Parthians, Medes, and Elamites,
inhabitants of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia,
Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia,
Egypt and the districts of Libya near Cyrene,
as well as travelers from Rome,
both Jews and converts to Judaism, Cretans and Arabs,
yet we hear them speaking in our own tongues
of the mighty acts of God.”

Responsorial Psalm 104:1, 24, 29-30, 31, 34

R. (cf. 30) Lord, send out your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.
R. Alleluia.
Bless the LORD, O my soul!
    O LORD, my God, you are great indeed!
How manifold are your works, O LORD!
    the earth is full of your creatures.
R. Lord, send out your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.
R. Alleluia.
May the glory of the LORD endure forever;
    may the LORD be glad in his works!
Pleasing to him be my theme;
    I will be glad in the LORD.
R. Lord, send out your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.
R. Alleluia.
If you take away their breath, they perish
    and return to their dust.
When you send forth your spirit, they are created,
    and you renew the face of the earth.
R. Lord, send out your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.
R. Alleluia.

Reading II 1 Cor 12:3b-7, 12-13

Brothers and sisters:
No one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.

There are different kinds of spiritual gifts but the same Spirit; 
there are different forms of service but the same Lord;
there are different workings but the same God
who produces all of them in everyone.
To each individual the manifestation of the Spirit
is given for some benefit.

As a body is one though it has many parts,
and all the parts of the body, though many, are one body,
so also Christ.
For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body,
whether Jews or Greeks, slaves or free persons,
and we were all given to drink of one Spirit.


Sequence Veni, Sancte Spiritus

Come, Holy Spirit, come!
And from your celestial home
    Shed a ray of light divine!
Come, Father of the poor!
Come, source of all our store!
    Come, within our bosoms shine.
You, of comforters the best;
You, the soul’s most welcome guest;
    Sweet refreshment here below;
In our labor, rest most sweet;
Grateful coolness in the heat;
    Solace in the midst of woe.
O most blessed Light divine,
Shine within these hearts of yours,
    And our inmost being fill!
Where you are not, we have naught,
Nothing good in deed or thought,
    Nothing free from taint of ill.
Heal our wounds, our strength renew;
On our dryness pour your dew;
    Wash the stains of guilt away:
Bend the stubborn heart and will;
Melt the frozen, warm the chill;
    Guide the steps that go astray.
On the faithful, who adore
And confess you, evermore
    In your sevenfold gift descend;
Give them virtue’s sure reward;
Give them your salvation, Lord;
    Give them joys that never end. Amen.


R. Alleluia, alleluia.
Come, Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of your faithful
and kindle in them the fire of your love.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.

Gospel Jn 20:19-23

On the evening of that first day of the week,
when the doors were locked, where the disciples were,
for fear of the Jews,
Jesus came and stood in their midst
and said to them, “Peace be with you.”
When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side.
The disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord.
Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you.
As the Father has sent me, so I send you.”
And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them,
“Receive the Holy Spirit.
Whose sins you forgive are forgiven them,
and whose sins you retain are retained.”

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Lectionary for Mass for Use in the Dioceses of the United States, second typical edition, Copyright © 2001, 1998, 1997, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine; Psalm refrain © 1968, 1981, 1997, International Committee on English in the Liturgy, Inc. All rights reserved. Neither this work nor any part of it may be reproduced, distributed, performed or displayed in any medium, including electronic or digital, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.